sexta-feira, março 24, 2017

Curiosidade do dia

"A ideologia, por vezes, paga-se muito caro.
Aí está a CGD para o atestar."
Trecho retirado de "Privatização da Caixa Geral Depósitos"

Produtividade e ganhos marginais

"There is no economic topic more important than productivity, which in the long run determines whether living standards surge or stagnate. Productivity growth has been disappointing for more than 40 years, particularly disastrous since the financial crisis, and worse in the UK than in most other rich nations.
...
An alternative view is that what’s really lacking is a different kind of innovation: the long shot. Unlike marginal gains, long shots usually fail, but can pay off spectacularly enough to overlook 100 failures.
...
These two types of innovation complement each other. Long shot innovations open up new territories; marginal improvements colonise them.[Moi ici: Talvez haja alguma relação com isto "Competition From China Reduced Innovation in the US". Embora para mim o título não traduza a minha versão: A atenção da gestão de topo das empresas grandes ocidentais esteve mais ocupada em extrair os benefícios da deslocalização, baseados na redução de custos, do que na originarão de valor. E o tempo que se gasta com uma coisa é irremediavelmente perdido para outras]
...
many countries have a long tail of poorly managed companies. The culprit may be a lack of competition: vigorous competition tends to raise management quality by spurring improvements and by punishing incompetents with bankruptcy. [Moi ici: E os habituais apoios e subsídios estatais, para fazer frente aos despedimentos] It’s no coincidence that the philosophy of marginal gains is popular in the unforgiving arena of elite sport.
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But the second question is why productivity growth has been so disappointing.
...
The obvious answer is that the long shots matter, too. In almost every field except computing, we’ve hoped for revolutionary breakthroughs and they haven’t yet happened.
...
In a data-driven world, it’s easy to fall back on a strategy of looking for marginal gains alone, avoiding the risky, unquantifiable research. Over time, the marginal gains will surely materialise. I’m not so sure that the long shots will take care of themselves."
Trechos retirados de "Marginal gains matter but game changers transform"

BTW, quando se fala em "lack of competition" é também disto que se está a falar "Douro indignado com mais área de vinha". São estes instalados que em vez de trabalharem mais para se diferenciarem, ou mudar modelo de negócio, querem que o Estado impeça outros de entrar.

Custos e estratégia

"The best-run companies, in contrast, think of cost management as a way to support their strategy, and of cost as precious investment that will fuel their growth. They put their money where their strategy is and continually cut bad costs and redirect resources toward good costs. After all, if we aren’t directing spending to the right places, what chance do we have to grow?
.
Management teams at such companies spend a lot of effort separating out the costs that truly fuel their distinct advantage from the ones that don’t. They base their decisions about where to cut and where to invest on the need to support their greatest strengths: the capabilities that enable them to create unique value for customers.
...
connect costs and strategy. Look at every opportunity to cut costs as an opportunity to channel investments toward strengthening your value proposition. Connect your budget directly to your strategic priorities; if your budget doesn’t reflect your priorities, you have very little chance of executing your vision. This entails viewing costs not merely as an in-year expense but also as a multiyear investment in differentiating capabilities designed to help your company execute its strategy."
Como não recuar a 2007 e a "Como descobri que não é suficiente optimizar os processos-chave." (parte I, parte II e parte III)

Trechos retirados de "How to Cut Costs More Strategically"

A ilusão das regras (parte I)

Um excelente texto, "The Rule Illusion", a fazer lembrar todos aqueles que sem skin-in-the-game criam leis e mais leis:
"You could safeguard against rules that hinder people doing the right thing while failing to solve the presumed problem by ensuring the rule-makers themselves are subject to the rules they make. At least they would then experience first-hand the benefits and the costs involved.
...
In practice, those who make the rules are often insulated from the true consequences. The lack of a good feedback mechanism to adjust the rules would be bad enough if the rules were based on evidence and logic. But it’s often even worse, because rules often originate from received (but dubious) wisdom, unproven ‘common sense’, or reactions to one-off events. Rules that are based on beliefs rather than evidence, and never tested, are unlikely to produce net benefits. Yet such rules are precisely the ones the makers feel most protective of."
Mas voltaremos a este texto por causa das greves de zelo e não só.

Desigualdade e empresas

Há anos que escrevo e defendo esta tese "Corporations in the Age of Inequality".

Basta pesquisar o marcador "distribuição de produtividades" e a frase "há maior variabilidade dentro de um mesmo sector de actividade do que entre sectores de actividade"

Na economia do século XX havia basicamente uma estratégia a seguir, a do preço, a do crescimento da quota de mercado, a do aumento da eficiência, a da localização no denominador da equação da produtividade.

Há medida que a economia do século XXI avança, uma economia onde há muito mais estratégias alternativas que não a do preço tout court, e recordo a imagem:
Diferentes abordagens estratégicas geram diferentes distribuições de produtividades e permitem diferentes rentabilidades. Assim, as diferenças entre empresas do mesmo sector começam a aumentar.
"Whereas many economists focus on inequality between individuals, Bloom’s view is filtered through his early work as a consultant at McKinsey, where he became interested in the impact of good management on the economy. “Economists have long dismissed the importance of management practices and were often skeptical of the value of management research,” says Bloom.
...
Bloom was amazed by the variation in management practices he saw among clients — and by how convinced each client was that theirs was the best way.
...
Bloom shares his research on the role firms and management play in the rise of income inequality. He highlights how competitive forces and corporate decision making have contributed to divergent outcomes for individuals and suggests that inequality can’t be fully understood without thinking about companies.
...
Companies can contribute to rising income inequality in two ways. As we’ve just discussed, pay gaps can increase within companies — between how much executives and administrative assistants are paid, for example. But studies now show that gaps between companies are the real drivers of income inequality.
...
We found that the average wages at the firms employing individuals at the top of the income distribution have increased rapidly, while those at the firms employing people in the lower income percentiles have increased far less.
...
In other words, the increasing inequality we’ve seen for individuals is mirrored by increasing inequality between firms. But the wage gap is not increasing as much inside firms, our research shows. This may tend to make inequality less visible, because people do not see it rising in their own workplace."

quinta-feira, março 23, 2017

Curiosidade do dia

"Alerta que "é muito fácil pregar as situações óptimas" e que "a opinião pública está anestesiada porque lhe é escamoteada a compreensão do problema [da dívida] e lhe é permanentemente afirmada a oferta ilusória que é impraticável". "A realidade far-se-á sentir na altura própria," adverte.
...
Acrescenta ainda que as políticas sociais e o seu alcance também têm de ser trazidas à discussão "em função daquilo que é a realidade e a capacidade da economia. E se estamos a seguir um caminho certo (…) ou a viver a assimilação de uma sucessão de ilusões da qual só pode resultar um desastre," adverte."
Estes políticos profissionais carregados de culpas no cartório, chegam à reforma e continuam, sempre sem skin-in-the-game, como Vestais a proporem soluções como se tivessem aterrado agora vindos de Marte de onde sempre viveram.

Trechos retirados de "Jaime Gama diz que há uma "ilusão muito grande" sobre a dívida e economia portuguesas"

"Not losing deals is a clear indication you are leaving money on the table"

"When you lose on price, it really means that you didn’t deliver enough value for the price. Both sides matter.
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To avoid losing, you can do two things: lower your price or increase the value you deliver. Lowering your price is usually a horrible idea, so how can you increase value?
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Create more value by improving your product. You can add more capability, more features, more services. However, these additions must be valued by your market or you still won’t win at your price. Talk to your market to be certain what you are adding matters to them.
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Communicate your value better. You could have the best product in the world, but if your market doesn’t know it, you won’t get paid for it.
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As a rule of thumb, if you aren’t losing 10 percent of deals based on price, you should raise your prices. Of course, there is an emotional cost to losing deals, but we have to get over it. We are in the business of making money. Not losing deals is a clear indication you are leaving money on the table."
Trechos retirados de "Losing on Price"

"making their supply chains much more resilient"

Com algum atraso face a este blogue, os gringos começam a olhar a sério para as alterações nas cadeias de fornecimento globais. Apesar de tudo continuam ferrados nos custos:
"Most U.S. and European companies have spent the past 20 years concentrating more and more of their manufacturing in East Asia to reduce costs by exploiting labor-arbitrage opportunities and address the promise of that rapidly growing market. It’s time for them to rethink their supply-chain strategies. Adjusting to new economic realities as well as political and economic uncertainties will require making their supply chains much more resilient.
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There are three reasons a rethink is due:
East Asia’s shrinking cost advantage.
...
Advances in manufacturing technology.
...
A shift toward protectionism."
E nem uma palavra sobre a necessidade acrescida de rapidez, flexibilidade, co-criação, reposições rápidas, lotes pequenos, ...

Trechos retirados de "Rethinking Your Supply Chain in an Era of Protectionism"

"The market share mindset is the antithesis of a value mindset"

"One of the most important tests of your organization's maturity level and business orientation is how you use the word "commodity." If this is a common way for you to describe your products—internally and especially externally—you shouldn't be surprised if customers treat you as a commodity, meaning they argue that you have no differentiation. They have no desire at all to pay a premium. A commodity mindset shows that you don't have the right business orientation for VBP...Given maturity and a business orientation, there is also a difference between going through the motions and making the required changes and improvements. The volume-versus-value mindset is decisive. It is often the acid test for a transformation and for whether an organization is serious about it...You can spend all the money you want and create the culture you want, but if your organization is not willing to let go of market share, it will not change. Pretty brutal, but true. The market share mindset is the antithesis of a value mindset. It is the Jack Welch "be number r or number 2" mentality that still determines the way so many Gen Xers and Gen Yers run their businesses. I find it almost surreal in some companies that make market share into one of their most important and most reported KPIs."


Trechos retirados de Stephan M. Liozu em "Dollarizing Differentiation Value: A Practical Guide for the Quantification and the Capture of Customer Value"

Uma novela sobre Mongo (parte XXII)

 Parte Iparte IIparte IIIparte IVparte Vparte VIparte VIIparte VIIIparte IXparte Xparte XIparte XIIparte XIIIparte XIVparte XVparte XVIXVIIXVIIIparte XIXparte XX e parte XXI.

Retorno à parte XX e a uma provocação de há dias no Twitter:


A propósito de "This Chip Costs One Cent and Can Diagnose Everything From Cancer to HIV".

E já agora:





quarta-feira, março 22, 2017

Curiosidade do dia

Criticam o Dijsselbloem, no entanto:
  • constroem aeroportos para moscas;
  • torram dinheiro em estudos para TGV, o tal que faria a ligação de Madrid às praias;
  • semeiam auto-estradas sem circulação como cogumelos;
  • polvilham o país de estádios de futebol sem assistências;
  • decretam que as empresas de transportes se devem marimbar para o EBITDA;
  • querem critérios de fantochada para gerir a CGD;
  • ...
e o burro sou eu.

Para reflexão


"Simply, the minute one is judged by others rather than by reality, the mechanism becomes warped as follows. Firms that haven’t gotten bankrupt yet have something called personnel departments, with people trained into a discipline of dealing with other peoples. So there are metrics used and “evaluation forms” to fill.
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The minute one has evaluation forms distortions occur.
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the mere fact than an evaluation causes you to be judged, not by the end results, but by some intermediary metric that invites you to look sophisticated, bring that distortion."
Por isso é que políticos viciados em "picking winners" gostam deste "distortions occur" e preferem que sejam candidaturas avaliadas por eles a definir quem deve ter lugar no mercado em vez dos clientes.

Trechos retirados de "Surgeons Should Not Look Like Surgeons"

Quinino* e Mongo

Artesanal, crescimento orgânico e este gráfico:
Os ingredientes indicados para logo de seguida a metáfora de Mongo surgir na minha mente.
"Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation were equal to 35 per cent of group revenues.
Rivals squeeze less juice from sales.
...
Fever-Tree is mixing with these bruisers as a lightweight with £100m in revenue and just 46 employees. Britvic, with a similar market worth, has 4,000 staff and revenue of £1.4bn.

Over the next few years, Fever-Tree aims to grow organically rather than through acquisition."
Como não pensar na cerveja artesanal...

Trechos e gráfico retirados de "Fever-Tree Drinks: domestic drama"

*Quinino - ingrediente da água tónica que lhe dá o sabor amargo. E que me faz recuar ao final dos anos 60 do século passado e ouvir o meu avô materno a falar dele como remédio em Angola.



"you need to understand value to find the prices that best fit your ..."

"You don't need to know pricing to understand value, but you need to understand value to find the prices that best fit your products, services, and strategic goals. Value management has three steps: creation, dollarization, and capture. These correspond to the deceptively simple questions I have asked throughout the book: What do you do for customers? What is it worth? How much of it will you capture? Only that last phase (capture) requires some knowledge of pricing."

Trecho e imagem retirados de Stephan M. Liozu em "Dollarizing Differentiation Value: A Practical Guide for the Quantification and the Capture of Customer Value"

"small slice of a huge market vs large slice of a small one"

Há dias reli Roger Martin em "The Big Lie of Strategic Planning" e voltei a apreciar este trecho:
"Companies in many industries prefer a small slice of a huge market to a large slice of a small one. The thinking is, of course, that the former promises unlimited growth potential. And there’s a certain amount of truth to that. But all too often, the size of the opportunity encourages sloppy strategy making. Why choose where to play or how to win when there’s a huge market to conquer? Anybody is a potential customer, so just go out and sell stuff.
.
But when anyone could be a customer, it is impossible to figure out whom to target and what those people actually want. The results tend to be an offering that is not captivating to anybody and a sales force that doesn’t know where to spend its time. This is when crisp strategy making and clear thinking about opportunities are most important."
Foi dele que me lembrei ao ler "Google Glass Didn't Disappear. You Can Find It On The Factory Floor":
"Google Glass fizzled out and was discontinued in the consumer market.
.
But now, it's getting a second life in the manufacturing industry.
...
Google Glass tells her what to do should she forget, for example, which part goes where. "I don't have to leave my area to go look at the computer every time I need to look up something," she says.
.
With Google Glass, she scans the serial number on the part she's working on. This brings up manuals, photos or videos she may need. She can tap the side of headset or say "OK Glass" and use voice commands to leave notes for the next shift worker."
E recordo que a locomotiva a vapor não surgiu para transportar pessoas, a sua primeira aplicação foi nas minas para substituir os cavalos no transporte de minério.

Nichos específicos permitem uma abordagem mais específica.

máquina a vapor minério

terça-feira, março 21, 2017

Curiosidade do dia

A clubite revela-se nestes pormaiores:
"o que é que Vítor Constâncio está lá a fazer".
Trecho retirado de "Belém acha "inacreditável" ameaça de BCE e Vítor Constâncio"

"You ain't seen nothing yet"

Ao ler "A idade como tendência":
"Os dias de casting de modelos na casa dos 20 anos e tamanhos pequenos ou, ainda, de tez branca, parecem estar a chegar ao fim, com as marcas de moda a começarem a ser mais representativas, especialmente quando se trata de usar modelos numa faixa etária diferente. A necessidade de mudança vem, ironicamente, dos números.
.
Aqueles com mais de 60 anos constituem o grupo em maior crescimento nas populações dos países ricos e o seu número deverá aumentar mais de um terço até 2030, de 164 para 222 milhões. Os consumidores mais velhos são também os mais ricos, graças à inflação dos preços de imóveis e às suas reformas generosas."
Subitamente lembrei-me de um texto escrito aqui no blogue em 2006, "Spray maritimo que precede o splash da onda":
"Um dia, os noticiários da TV, as passagens de modelos, os anúncios de TV, os enredos dos filmes, ... serão protagonizados por gente com mais de 60 anos. Serão o espelho da sociedade..."
Apetece repetir as palavras de Reagan:
"You ain't seen nothing yet"

"imagining a preferred future and then stepping backward toward the present"

Trechos que parecem retirados deste blogue:
"We’ve been trained to think of the future as a linear extension of what we know, typically imagining change as a 10 percent improvement (or decline) from what we see around us.
...
Technological, environmental and political changes will likely disrupt your business. How can you prepare for a different, even unimaginable world that will arrive faster than projected?
...
Once you’ve identified your preferred future, you can start to identify key activities and milestones that would help create that future.
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Backcasting is the act of imagining a preferred future and then stepping backward toward the present, repeatedly probing what has to happen to enable each step.
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Backcasting is anchored in an aspirational future state rather than being constrained by limitations of the current state. This allows people to create their own richly detailed stories of the future and leads naturally to the discussion: “How can our product/service do that?”"
Trechos retirados de "How Leaders Dream Boldly to Bring New Futures to Life"

Recordar temas como "Começar pelo fim" ou "Mais uma vez e sempre: Começar pelo fim!!!" ou "future-back" approach to strategy" ou "Transformar uma empresa em 3 passos"

Turn, turn, turn

Tudo é transiente, tudo é transitório, tudo é passageiro.

As estratégias são sempre passageiras, mais tarde ou mais cedo o mundo muda e as estratégias para lidar com ele têm de mudar sob pena de ficarem obsoletas.

Interessante como a transformação de um mercado de nicho num mercado maior acabou por tornar inadequada uma estratégia até então bem sucedida. O caso da Whole Foods, "How Whole Foods Can Emerge from a Slump", deve servir de aviso para quem trabalha para nichos que estão a crescer fortemente.

Conspiração (parte II)

Parte I.

A conspiração continua. Desta vez via "To change the game, change the business model":
"Change the interaction and you’ll find a different business model.
.
Seen from a traditional business perspective, businesses are just business models competing against each other; it’s why we have all this sameness out in the world. But what if you shift your perspective, look at things differently and change the components of the business model?"

segunda-feira, março 20, 2017

Curiosidade do dia

Então a culpa dos nossos males foi da troika, "Troika "cortou" a felicidade dos portugueses".

Assim, é difícil aprender a não voltar a cometer os mesmos erros.

PS: Há os que acreditam em pagar a dívida, trouxas, segundo outros.

Conspiração

Parece uma conspiração ... depois de "Cuidado com as explicações generalistas simplistas" encontro outro trecho que me fez regressar à tal reunião:
"You can dollarize anything!
...
I am always excited when I hear stories about companies that have transitioned from being a product-focused company deriving over 8o percent of their revenue from unit sales to a service-oriented one deriving over 8o percent of their revenue from consulting and other services. And this happens all within the same industry with the same customers! These companies accomplish this because they understand the value of all the things companies do, and they offer clients economically attractive alternatives. ... Similar to what you would do in product development or in reverse-engineering, you are using a cross-functional team to understand how much it would cost you to deliver a particular service. Then you try to understand the cost that a customer incurs when they perform that service themselves. These services could be maintenance, application decisions, plant or supply chain management, or any other areas that a company could potentially outsource. If you can document a way to offer that service more economically (cost savings) or do it better (creating a revenue opportunity), you have the ability to conduct a rational, value-based talk with customers."
Trechos retirados de "Dollarizing Differentiation Value: A Practical Guide for the Quantification and the Capture of Customer Value"


Viemos de longe e o que nós andámos para aqui chegar! (parte II)

Há dias o @nticomuna chamou a atenção para este desempenho a nível do turismo (dados do INE):

Recordar "A alternativa de qualidade" e, sobretudo, "A economia não é um jogo de soma nula".

Até que enfim que leio opiniões mais avisadas do sector da hotelaria:
"CEO do Vila Galé assume que o alojamento local completa oferta turística.
...
"Não sou nada radical e acho que há espaço para todos. O alojamento local tem o seu papel. Em alguns sítios não existiam hotéis e por isso vieram colmatar uma lacuna de falta de alojamento. E outros vieram captar um público que prefere aquele tipo de alojamento", diz o hoteleiro, sublinhando: "Enquanto hotéis temos é de perceber o que está a atrair as pessoas para o alojamento local em algumas situações em detrimento dos hotéis.""
Quase que apetece repetir o título "Viemos de longe e o que nós andámos para aqui chegar!"

Talvez seja explicado por aquela teoria que defendo: infelizmente, na maioria das associações, quem chega ao seu poder são os elementos mais conservadores, os que têm mais a ganhar com o manobrar das relações com o poder regulador/legislador.

Recordar "o poder, para o bem ou para o mal, das associações" e, sobretudo, "O poder das associações e nas associações"

O truque do numerador

Julgo que percebo o porquê da relação de amor-ódio com a produtividade referida aqui:
"I have a love-hate relationship with ‘Productivity’. On the one hand, productivity, in the right circumstances, is an essential part of being an efficient business and delivering value to your customers. Its measurement is also invaluable in assessing the effectiveness of your efforts to improve. However, far too many businesses believe that they can increase productivity simply by focusing on productivity – manipulating the inputs and outputs of the productivity metric."
Julgo que o autor considera produtividade e eficiência como equivalentes. Na equação da produtividade:
O truque está em perceber que nada nos obriga a manter constante o numerador. Quando percebemos que não estamos prisioneiros de um numerador constante, percebemos que produtividade pode ser mais do que eficiência, pode ser eficácia, pode ser aumento do preço unitário. O truque é tão importante que resolvi fazer da sua divulgação uma das minhas missões mais importantes.

Recordar "Acerca da produtividade, mais uma vez (parte I)" (Agosto de 2011)



Trecho retirado de "We need to stop confusing productivity with business performance"

Que faz o quê no ecossistema

Fiquei contente por descobrir em "Dollarizing Differentiation Value: A Practical Guide for the Quantification and the Capture of Customer Value" coisas que escrevo aqui no blogue desde sempre e que não vejo muito replicadas:
"Finally, we have the common situation where you sell through distribution. This could be sales through an industrial distributor or solutions provider, but the most challenging situation is when you sell to consumers via a retailer. These B2B2C situations require two distinct value propositions and value stories, which means you have to expend twice the effort. You can't afford to skip one of these dollarization and story creation efforts if you want to know the full size of your value pool and take advantage of it. The retailer will require the kinds of argumentation you have created in this process so far: rational, fact-driven, professional, and fully dollarized, as I explain in figure 7.10. 

The consumer story may also be dollarized, but it will depend heavily on an emotional component, too. You are using your stories to manage and influence perceptions. Getting close to consumers changes how you extract information, manage differentiation, and do the dollarization. Start by talking to customers first, getting their vocabulary, and getting the facts or a range of facts. But keep in mind that the benefits are often emotional in a way that may defy straightforward dollarization.
...
Your strongest position comes when you can demonstrate a "pull" effect for the retailers, which means you can document that your value stories to consumers are driving demand in general—in the best case, demand at that particular retailer. The same kinds of communication challenges exist in any multichannel situation, as described in figure 7.11. You have to understand who does what in your ecosystem, [Moi ici: Até o termo ecossistema é um termo com marca registada aqui no blogue!!!] and therefore who is a recipient of messages and who is both a recipient and a multiplier. You need to understand who you are talking to and what kinds of value messages they want to hear on their own terms."
Recordar postais como:


domingo, março 19, 2017

Curiosidade do dia

Imagem retirada de "Schäuble: quem nos avisa nosso amigo é"

You are supposed to win deals

A fazer lembrar um poema de Brecht este texto "So Good It Sells Itself":
"Your product is not so good that it sells itself. If it were, you would be unnecessary.
.
Your product may be far better than your competitors’ products.
...
Your product may be different from anything on the market now.
...
Your product may produce better outcomes.
...
Your competitors believe their product is better than yours.
...
The reason you want a product that is so good that it sells itself is so that you don’t have to sell. You want to make selling easy, and you believe—mistakenly—that your product, your service, and your solution is what is supposed to win deals. The very opposite is true: You are supposed to win deals."

Cuidado com as explicações generalistas simplistas

Nos últimos anos temos lido aqui e acolá acerca do regresso do vinil, do regresso da cassete, do regresso da livraria, do regresso dos jogos de tabuleiro.

Há dias numa reunião alguém defendia uma tese muito interessante, contrária ao senso comum do mainstream, acerca da decadência, ou antes, acerca das causas da decadência nas vendas de um produto supostamente vítima da internet.

Lembrei-me logo dessa reunião ao ler:
"IN GRANITE CITY, ILLINOIS, a sleepy town of 29,000 where the laws of time seem not to apply, a just-opened Family Video storefront beckons customers with signs promoting the latest Hollywood blockbusters. Inside, long rows of DVDs line aisles festooned with placards offering two movie rentals for a dollar, and at the register a smiling cashier greets regulars by name.
...
Hoogland insists that Family Video had no trouble competing with bigger players, [Moi ici: Blockbuster e Movie Gallery] and he sees few parallels between those companies and his own. “Everybody thought the reason they went away was because of digital,” he says. “But in reality that wasn’t the case. They weren’t very well-run businesses. They had a lot of debt, leases that were poorly negotiated, and they also were sharing revenue with studios quite a bit. They made a lot of poor decisions.”
.
Family Video has taken a different approach. Instead of accepting discounted movies in exchange for agreements to split revenue, as Blockbuster did, it has opted to buy films outright and keep 100% of rental proceeds, which has paid off in the long run. Hoogland has also kept his stores entirely company-owned, and he keeps costs down by making many of the items needed for new locations in-house—everything from shelving to point-of-sale software. Most important, though, the company owns just about all the real estate underpinning its stores. As a result, Hoogland has been able to adapt now that sales are beginning to fall. He has shrunk the square footage of many of the video stores, put up drywall and leased out space to other companies, like Subway and H&R Block.
.
He has also experimented with ventures of his own, using his properties to launch 11 fitness centers, an electronics-repair chain called Digital Doc and 149 Marco’s Pizza franchises (making him the brand’s single largest franchisee)."
O digital reduz a procura mas essa redução pode ser atenuada com uma gestão inteligente e fazendo da loja uma plataforma para vários negócios.

Trechos retirados de "The Last Video Chain: The Inside Story Of Family Video And Its $400 Million Owner"

Estratégia executada por um portfolio de projectos

Esta ideia:
"What makes the strategic journey unique is that it’s perpetual – you never actually reach your destination. It is a highly uncertain journey where the terrain is constantly shifting and there are more things outside of your control than within them. It is much more like an explorer’s journey through the wilderness than it is a highway trip. More and more it is a journey where following the familiar, well-trodden path can get you hopelessly lost before you even realise that you are off course.
...
Projects are the perfect vehicle for today’s strategic journey
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In the Tao Te Ching, Chinese philosopher Lao Tzu said a journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step. When talking about a strategic journey, strategic improvement projects are the most effective way to take those steps. Through these projects, and a project-mindset, we can take decisive action toward our strategic goals… one step at a time.
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Most importantly, they are short-duration, hard-hitting activities that can be carried out by a relatively small cross-functional team. They should be targeted on a single specific outcome that delivers strategic value – either on its own or as one phase in a longer program – rather than on low-value activities."
É seguida por mim há vários anos:
"Quando falo de sistemas de gestão tento passar a ideia de que o sistema de gestão ideal traduz-se num portfolio de iniciativas, num portfolio de projectos, alinhados por uma estratégia. Tudo o resto é treta de consultor e de auditor, para justificar honorários.
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Só as iniciativas, quando implementadas, quando executadas, mudam uma organização. Tudo o resto, estratégia, mapa da estratégia, balanced scorecard, indicadores, metas,... não passa de conversa de café, enquanto não começarmos a mudar a realidade!!!" (Junho de 2007)
E:
"Um sistema de gestão concebido desta forma, é na essência uma estrutura móvel, um portfolio de projectos de melhoria," (Fevereiro de 2007)

Trechos retirados de "Why projects are the key to bringing your strategy to life"

O efeito de Mongo na imprensa

Mais um efeito de Mongo, agora na imprensa:
"SCHOLARS of mass media long ago established the theory that part of a society’s bond comes from the shared experience of consuming the same news. We shape our worldview, our opinions — however different they are from one another — after reading about and watching many of the same things. We gain a sense of community, however false or fleeting.
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Even as social media and algorithms started changing all that, there remained media giants like The New York Times that gave millions of readers around the world a unified news experience.
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Or at least that’s how it used to be. By midyear, The Times will begin an ambitious new effort to customize the delivery of news online by adjusting a reader’s experience to accommodate individual interests. What readers see when they come to The Times will depend on factors like the specific subjects they are most interested in, where they live or how frequently they come to the site."
Por um lado, a tribalização das sociedades. Por outro, a customização, a personalização, a chegar a todo o lado.

Trecho retirado de "A ‘Community’ of One: The Times Gets Tailored"

sábado, março 18, 2017

Curiosidade do dia

""Então, nós somos um país e um povo soberano, podemos admitir que uma agência financeira diga se estamos bem ou se estamos mal?", indagou o secretário-geral do PCP, vincando que "quem tem de ver isso e quem tem de afirmar é o povo português". "É o nosso país e não essa agência de notação", vincou o líder comunista."
Um país perde a soberania quando se comporta como um agarrado, incapaz de largar o vício do endividamento. As agências de notação financeira trabalham sobretudo para os credores para que o seu dinheiro não seja emprestado a quem representa risco elevado. Assim, as agências de notação financeira funcionam como uma espécie de porteiro que deixa ou não os agarrados entrarem no Casal Ventoso da dívida.

Por fim, o mais engraçado ainda é isto:


Trecho retirado de "PCP diz que não é admissível uma agência financeira determinar o estado da economia nacional"

Qual o potencial de valor capturável?


"The difference between your positive and negative value differentiation is a surplus that I refer to as the value pool. In this case the value is the difference between what you provide and what your reference competitor offers."
Olho para a figura e recordo um autor que ainda esta semana citei numa empresa, Larreché, e:

A originarão de valor, a única que não tem limites, promove a expansão da diferenciação positiva.
A captura de valor tem a ver com a maior ou menor proficiência na actução comercial.
A extracção de valor é interna e tem tudo a ver com a eficiência.
"The first challenge, again, is to figure out the mental frames that your customers (end users, OEMs, distributors) use when they think about your products or services. These lead to your value drivers, and you should have at least three but normally no more than five. Having too few gives you less flexibility in negotiations (fewer levers) and may also indicate that you don't completely understand the customer's business and its complexity. Having too many will muddy your story and blunt the impact of your most important arguments. It may also indicate that you don't understand your customer's business because you can't distinguish with confidence what truly matters to them and what is mere noise.
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Once you have set priorities, you need to think about how to build your value story. What drivers do you start with? I recommend focusing on the biggest bang or the most compelling hook and concluding with a strong value proposition in terms of dollars-and-cents impact. ... When people struggle with these steps, the most common root cause I notice is that they have made their models too complicated. Take a close look at the value drivers you have chosen and their associated impacts. Do you really need to put the tiny marginal savings there? Just because you have created a value model and a value story doesn't mean that the craft of sales and selling has fallen by the wayside. You use the first two drivers to sell them and hook them; then you can switch to a customer conversation.
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Storytelling is essential to making sure customers understand and embrace your story. Even the strongest numbers can't speak for themselves. Use the ratios and then the dollars so that the logic is transparent and intuitive for the customer. Use dramatic, round numbers and skip the decimal points. Your arguments need to be robust, but too much detail is a clear distraction when you are telling a story. That is why this task requires some emotional intelligence as well. If you have too much value, or fail to engage the customer in a conversation, you can lose credibility."
Trechos retirados de "Dollarizing Differentiation Value: A Practical Guide for the Quantification and the Capture of Customer Value"


Papel vs realidade


Imagem retirada de "Why projects are the key to bringing your strategy to life"

Acerca da venda consultiva

"To maximize the power of consultative selling, we have to move beyond a simplistic view of solution selling. It’s not about grilling the buyer but rather engaging in a give-and-take as the seller and buyer explore the client’s priorities, examine what is in the business’s best interests, and evaluate the seller’s solutions.
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Avoid checklist-style questioning.
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 their sales calls felt mechanical and staid. While they gleaned some good information about clients’ needs, allowing them to dovetail the products they were selling into the conversation, there was little buy-in from the prospects they were talking to. There was no sense of shared understanding or that the client had confidence that the seller would be able to help them grow their business.
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Avoid asking leading questions. Nothing falls flatter in a sales call than a question that is clearly self-interested, or makes the seller the master of the obvious.
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Avoid negative conversational behaviors. When sellers are myopically focused on persuading a prospect or winning a piece of business, it creates a negative vibe in the relationship."
Trechos retirados "Sales Reps, Stop Asking Leading Questions"

Habituem-se!

Isto, "Hoteleiros sobem salários para atrair trabalhadores mais qualificados", é um prenúncio!

As duas tendências, Mongo e o reshoring, associadas à evolução demográfica vão obrigar as empresas a ter de pagar mais e mais no futuro.

Por isso, soa-me cada vez mais estranho que um suposto Forum para a Competitividade continue encalhado no "problema dos salários". O que é preciso é concentrar mais esforços para uma de duas coisas: aumentar a eficiência ou subir na escala de valor.

Recordar Bruce Jenner e as fiambreiras. É preciso pensar estratégia!