achieve significant progress in their overall competitiveness.
They will continue to spend vast resources on a variety of activities, only to watch cynicism grow in the ranks. And eventually, management will discard many potentially useful improvement processes because it expected the impossible of them and came up empty-handed."
1. Not Keyed to Specific Results. In activity-centered programs, managers reform the way they work with each other and with employees; they train people, they develop new measurement schemes; they increase employee awareness of customer attitudes, quality, and more. The expectation is that these steps will lead to better husiness performance. But managers rarely make explicit how the activity is supposed to lead to the result." (A ideia parece ser, se fizermos isto, isto e isto... por magia, por energia positiva, vamos ser bem sucedidos)
In one case, a large international manufacturer identified almost 50 different activities that it wanted built into its total quality effort. The company's list involved so many programs introduced in so many places that just to describe them all required a complex chart. Once top managers had made the investment and the public commitment, however, they "proved" their wisdom hy crediting the programs for virtually any competitive gain the company made. But in fact, no one knew for sure which, if any, of the 50 activities were actually working." (Como as 250 medidas da Estratégia para os Oceanos)
ignoring or perhaps even unaware of the significance of the difference." (O nosso sistema tem mais qualidade? Porquê? Porque este ano realizamos mais acções de formação! Porque este ano realizamos mais auditorias internas! Mas a produtividade baixou?! Mas esse indicador não é relevante para a avaliação do nosso sistema da qualidade!)