terça-feira, maio 12, 2020

E a zombificação?

O que será melhor para uma economia, um choque violento onde um grande número de empresas morre, o capital é desviado para opções mais rentáveis, e as pessoas ficam livres para desafios mais recompensadores?

Ou um grande número de empresas-zombies, que vivem de apoios e subsídios, mantêm o capital preso a projectos que talvez tenham expirado o seu prazo de validade, e mantêm as pessoas presas por lealdade com salários de miséria, que hesitam em sair da zona de conforto do conhecido?

Ontem no WSJ li:
"Factory furloughs are becoming permanent closings, a sign of the heavy damage the coronavirus pandemic and shutdowns are exerting on the industrial economy.
Makers of dishware in North Carolina, furniture foam in Oregon and cutting boards in Michigan are among the companies closing factories in recent weeks. Caterpillar Inc. said it is considering closing plants in Germany, boat-and-motorcyclemaker Polaris Inc. plans to close a plant in Syracuse, Ind., and tire maker Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. plans to close a plant in Gadsden, Ala.
It isn’t just manufacturing. While aerospace suppliers General Electric Co. and Raytheon Technologies Corp. have announced job cuts or said they planned to reduce head count, so have Uber Technologies Inc. and Airbnb Inc. MGM Resorts International warned that some of the 63,000 employees it has furloughed may be let go permanently starting in August. Joblistings site Glassdoor and United Airlines Holdings Inc. also said they had reduced jobs or planned to do so.
The burst of job-cut announcements indicates many companies are bearing down for a sustained slowdown. Some are also using the moment to accelerate strategic shifts. In April, payrolls fell by a record 20.5 million, erasing a decade of job gains.

The factory closures suggest a growing share of the record job losses in recent weeks won’t be temporary, said Gabriel Ehrlich, an economic forecaster at the University of Michigan. The more that job losses turn from temporary to permanent, he said, the harder the hit to consumer spending and every company that relies on it—including manufacturers.
“The higher the proportion of permanent layoffs, the worse the chances of a strong recovery start to look,” Mr. Ehrlich said."

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