"as presently constituted, S-D logic needs to be informed by systems thinking. This means more than just acknowledging interconnectedness. It requires a profound ontological shift in how we see the subject matter of science. As Capra and Luisi (2014) point out, it requires a shift in perspectives from parts to wholes, from objects to relationships, from measuring to mapping, from structures to processes, and from Cartesian certainty to approximate knowledge. Thus, it differs significantly from the more mechanistic underpinnings of scientific thought that have provided its paradigmatic foundation for centuries."
Trecho retirado de "Service-dominant logic 2025"