“If the organism carries a “small-scale model” of external reality and of its own possible actions within its head, it is able to try out various alternatives, conclude which is the best of them, react to future situations before they arise, utilise the knowledge of past events in dealing with the present and future, and in every way to react in a much fuller, safer, and more competent manner to emergencies which face it.” **
Não podemos viver sem modelos mentais, as exigências evolutivas integraram-nos na nossa maneira de ser e pensar.
* Johnson-Laird, P. N. (1983). Mental Models - Towards a Cognitive Science of Language, Inference and Consciousness
** Craik, Kenneth (1943). The Nature of Explanation