Dois artigos sobre a tentativa dos incumbentes evitarem ser flanqueados, não através da melhoria da relação com os seus clientes mas através do lobby junto do poder para protecção das suas rendas.
Em "Auto dealerships forcing themselves between Tesla and its customers":
"In an attempt to offer a hassle-free car-buying experience, Tesla Motors is experimenting with selling cars directly to consumers over the Internet.Em "Strangling Innovation: Tesla versus “Rent Seekers”":
But car buyers in North Carolina, Virginia, and Texas may not have the same opportunity because auto dealerships are lobbying for laws that would deprive Tesla Motors of the freedom to sell vehicles directly to consumers in these states, forcing Tesla to instead sell cars through a franchised dealership."
"The greatest number of jobs is created when startups create a new market – one where the product or service never existed before or is radically more convenient. Yet this is where startups will run into anti-innovation opponents they may not expect. These opponents have their own name – “rent seekers” – the landlords of the status-quo.Vejo isto com alguma ironia... é a primeira rodada. Agora são os distribuidores a tentarem salvar as suas rendas. Já antevejo uma segunda rodada em que os fabricantes vão lutar contra os prosumers de Mongo e a sua capacidade para produzirem em casa para si e para a comunidade em que residem
Examples of startups challenging the status quo include: Lyft, Square, Uber, Airbnb, SpaceX, Zillow, Bitcoin, LegalZoom, food trucks, charter schools, and massively open online courses. Past examples of startups that succeeded in redefining current industries include Craigslist, Netflix, Amazon, Ebay and Paypal.
While Tesla, Lyft, Uber, Airbnb, et al are in very different industries, they have two things in common: 1) they’re disruptive business models creating new markets and upsetting the status quo and 2) the legal obstacles confronting them weren’t from direct competitors, but from groups commonly referred to as “rent seekers.”
Rent seekers are individuals or organizations that have succeeded with existing business models and look to the government and regulators as their first line of defense against innovative competition. They use government regulation and lawsuits to keep out new entrants with more innovative business models. They use every argument from public safety to lack of quality or loss of jobs to lobby against the new entrants. Rent seekers spend money to increase their share of an existing market instead of creating new products or markets. The key idea is that rent seeking behavior creates nothing of value.
These barriers to new innovative entrants are called economic rent.
Instead of offering better products or better service at lower prices, rent seekers hire lawyers and lobbyists to influence politicians and regulators to pass laws, write regulations and collect taxes that block competition. The process of getting the government to give out these favors is rent-seeking."