sexta-feira, março 07, 2008

Clientes de carne e osso, não ilusões ou fantasmas estatísticas

Outro interessante artigo na Harvard Business Review deste mês "Transforming Strategy One Customer at a Time" de Richard Harrington e Anthony Tjan (aqui).

Os autores propõem a utilização da metodologia quando:

"If your market is experiencing discontinuity.
If you lack clear value propositions.
If you rely too heavily on channel segmentation.
There is no single right way to segment a company’s revenue base, but too often companies confuse sales channel segmentation with end-user segmentation. Segmenting sales by channels like corporate and government buyers won’t uncover similarities and differences in the behavior of users in companies or government agencies—telling you, say, which are basic reference users and which do heavy analytics. Ask if you have a segmentation scheme that helps you better understand users’ behavior with your products. (como escreve Bloom, como faz a Electrolux e como já aqui escrevemos várias vezes, olhar para a menina do olho dos clientes-alvo. Clientes-alvo concretos, de carne e osso e não fantasmas estatísticos)
If you sense that you face new customer demands and competition."

As etapas propostas são 3
Step 1: Map Out Your Real Market
Our first step in devising a front-end customer strategy was getting a clear picture of the real, addressable market for a given business—not the entire universe of potential customers but those whose needs we could realistically serve, given the capabilities and products we had on hand." - (A figura "A Better Way to Map the Market") é elucidativa!
Step 2: Understand the Customers’ Objectives and Work Flow
Um pouco na linha do que Clayton Christensen propõe, para lá dos atributos de um produto, pensar nas circunstâncias em que esse produto é utilizado!
Como resultado "could then identify new opportunities for these users to interact with the company over the course of their jobs."
Step 3: Develop Products That Provide What Users Value Most
Once we had taken the company through the first two steps, we saw that the market was not as simple as we had thought. The next item on our agenda was to create products to fill gaps.
At this stage, it was critical to determine where there were pain points in the work flow that customers would pay to ease.

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