"AM will present substantial legal and regulatory challenges. For example, what is the role of the Food and Drug Administration if medical devices are developed and manufactured by a decentralized network? [Moi ici: E feitos à medida "advancing population health and precision medicine solutions for personalized care"] How can products be effectively traced to their origin? Who is liable for damages for a malfunctioning product? Numerous intellectual property issues arise in the context of this decentralized technology, with ideas and software developed by individual producers, consumers, and networks, and with vast personal production opportunities.Excelente texto!
Technological developments in energy production complement AM and will deepen the transformation of the economy toward localization and decentralization. The energy sector has two important sources of economies of scale: large power generators that are more efficient than small ones, and the power grid that allows aggregation of energy demand. Improvements in solar and wind energy generation at the community level may in the future allow for a departure from large power generators, and the grid may be complemented or replaced by local energy storage solutions.
The transition from a TM-based national and global economy to one grounded in AM technology presents many opportunities for social and economic progress. However, the shift will be difficult and even destabilizing for some economies. In particular, substantial economic and social dislocation may be experienced by developing economies that at present produce goods that in the future will be 3D printed in the countries of consumption.[Moi ici: Poderá vir a ser um problema para países como Portugal, envelhecidos, despovoados, e cada vez mais dependentes de exportações. China "seguiu o nosso conselho" de 2008 e já está a caminho de outro paradigma]
However, there are strong economic and political forces that will seek to limit the extent of decentralization and localization, especially if accompanied by decentralized and local ownership, as we expect will be the case."
quarta-feira, maio 10, 2017
Acerca de Mongo (parte VI)
Parte I, parte II, parte III, parte IV e parte V.