sexta-feira, outubro 21, 2016

Encalhados no século XX

"There’s general agreement about the factors that improve productivity. Investment in machinery and equipment increases production levels and quality. Education and training improve worker skills. New products, technologies, organizational structures and work arrangements -- in other words, innovation -- raise efficiency.[Moi ici: A eterna associação de produtividade a eficiência ou seja o modelo mental do século XX]
[Moi ici: Reparar como o modelo mental do século XX afunila e limita os campos de possibilidades] Take the shift from manufacturing to services. The latter may not lend themselves to improvements as easily as industrial processes. They can’t all be automated. Many are local and not globally traded, and so don’t benefit from international supply chains. It’s hard to improve on certain personal services. A one-hour massage always takes one hour. The non-routine and non-repetitive tasks involved in, say, healthcare and aged care can’t easily be sped up. [Moi ici: Para o autor, produtividade nos serviços consegue-se só à custa de "correr mais depressa". E a subida na escala de valor? E o poder da interacção e da co-criação?]
[Moi ici: Outra vez o mesmo modelo mental] Even if productivity growth could be revived, it’s not clear those gains would have as much of an impact on living standards as in the past. Simply being able to make more stuff isn’t terribly helpful in an era of excess capacity and also weak aggregate demand. Many innovations actually eliminate jobs and depress wages. They allow a few creators to capture large benefits but don’t aid the majority of the population.[Moi ici: Que pobreza franciscana. Alguém tem de lhe falar no Evangelho do Valor]
Trechos retirados de "Productivity Won’t Save the World"