"the Post Mass Production Paradigm (PMPP) as a system of economic activity, capable of encouraging and sustaining economic growth without depending on mass production and mass consumption of artefacts. PMPP may be seen as a way of decoupling economical growth from resource /energy consumption and waste creation thus pursuing global sustainability.O que é que há de novo nos últimos dois anos?
The markets changed from mass production to a higher variety and diversity towards customisation. Shorter life time, shorter time-to-market and higher functionalities are consequences of the technical development of products and market requirements. Mass production followed the migration to regions with lower costs of manufacturing. The structural change of manufacturing industries – driven by competition and technical innovations – is still going on.
The manufacturing industries in Europe are fighting for competition because of high wages and costs of resources. Companies learned to concentrate operations towards customisation and niches of higher profitability. Taking into account the high skill of workers and engineers customisation changes the structure of manufacturing:
• increasing variants and customer specific products,
• lower batches and resulting costs for transformation,
• increasing complexity of products,
• increasing costs of product development.
The transformation from mass production to customised production is the new challenge of manufacturing."
A par desta evolução que se mantém e acentua, cresce em paralelo o retorno de produções de preço da Ásia para a Europa.
Trechos retirados de "The ManuFuture Road Towards Competitive and Sustainable High-Adding-Value Manufacturing" de Francesco Jovane, Engelbert Westkämper e David Williams.