"In fact, at the turn of the 20th century, almost half of the compensated US workforce was self-employed. 10 By 1960, this number shrank to less than 15%. (See fi gure 0.1 .) It is also very likely that the self-employed constituted more than half of the compensated workforce at some point priorAinda ontem escrevi aqui, na linha do que venho escrevendo ao longo dos anos, que estamos a abandonar a visão do mundo baseada na bolha industrial que moldou o modelo mental dos nossos mentores, professores e governantes.
One reason for this signifi cant shift in workforce composition over the fi rst few decades of the 20th century was the economy-wide move away from farming (which, at the time, was largely practiced by independent farmers) and toward other forms of making a living. But even outside of agriculture, over the same period, the percentage of the US workforce that was self-employed (and unincorporated) fell from almost 30% in 1900 to about 10% in 1960, and it remained at about the same level for the ensuing 50 years, during which time the US economy was dominated by large corporations.
My point is therefore not merely that the industrial era is a blink in the eye of human history, but rather, that the forms of exchange, of commerce, and of employment associated with the sharing economy are not new."
Trecho retirado de "The Sharing Economy - The End of Employment and the Rise of Crowd-Based Capitalism" de Arun Sundararajan.