segunda-feira, junho 27, 2016

Querer uma coisa e recompensar outra

"Official goals are "purposely vague and general and do not indicate . .. the host of decisions that must be made among alternative ways of achieving official goals and the priority of multiple goals . They usually may be relied on to offend absolutely no one, and in this sense can be considered high acceptance, low quality goals. An example might be "All Americans are entitled to health care." Operative goals are higher in quality but lower in acceptance, since they specify where the money will come from, and what alternative goals will be ignored. The American citizenry supposedly wants its candidates for public office to set forth operative goals, making their proposed programs clear, and specifying sources and uses of funds. However, since operative goals are lower in acceptance, and since aspirants to public office need acceptance (from at least 50.1 percent of the people), most politicians prefer to speak only of official goals, at least until after the election. They of course would agree to speak at the operative level if "punished" for not doing so. The electorate could do this by refusing to support candidates who do not speak at the operative level. Instead, however, the American voter typically punishes (withholds support from) candidates who frankly discuss where the money will come from, rewards politicians who speak only of official goals, but hopes that candidates (despite the reward system) will discuss the issues operatively."
Trecho retirado de "On the folly of rewarding A, while hoping for B" de Steven Kerr, publicado por Academy of Management Executive, 1995 Vol. 9 No. 1

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