"In today’s business environment producing companies face the challenges of shorter lifecycles and micro segmentation of markets. [Moi ici: Em suma, Mongo] ... One performance indicator for a company’s innovation productivity is the time to market. The faster a company is able to introduce new products to the market the shorter the development process has to be. This compression of the development process is made possible within an Industrie 4.0-environment. ... Due to the new technologies the costs of an iteration and the resulting changes are not as cost intensive as before and therefore lead to a new development process in terms of time and profitOs dois últimos sublinhados revelam, na minha opinião, o elefante escondido na sala. Estes textos, escritos para empresas grandes, as que pagam a consultoria sobre estes temas, não revelam que... os trabalhadores, na Industrie 4.0 podem interrogar-se, porquê fazer parte de uma empresa, por que não se autonomizar e trabalhar como freelancer directamente para os clientes?
companies have to offer more and more individualised products in order to meet the customer requirements. ... This trend complicates the division of labour introduced by Taylorism in terms of production and assembly lines, as machines in general are only able to fullfil one specific task. Therefore the complexity of the whole production system is increased. In order to allow even more individualised products the integration of production steps and thus the integration of functions within production systems is inevitable.
“Continuous process responsibility increases the productivity of the processes” As stated before, many companies face the challenge of more and more individualised products. Within Industrie 4.0 it is conceivable that customisation will be taken even further and companies will not only have to produce customised products of the same kind such as cars, but will have to manufacture totally different products. In this case it is hardly possible to divide the production and manufacturing process into smaller parts in terms of Taylorism. In order to still be able to increase productivity one option is the continuous responsibility of one employee for the whole value creation process of one specific unit of a product. This approach has advantages especially if enhanced by Industrie 4.0.
Secondly the responsibility for a whole value creation processgives the employee pride in the product he produces as he sees the development of the product. It was shown, that it is important for an employee to see the results of his work, that the results were impacted by his skills, that they solved difficult problems and that they felt they were trusted."
quarta-feira, novembro 26, 2014
O elefante escondido na sala
Em "Advances in Production Technology", livro editado por Christian Brecher, encontro este interessante capítulo "Hypotheses for a Theory of Production in the Context of Industrie 4.0":