A história da humanidade é feira de constantes retornos, constantes ciclos que repetem os erros anteriores e as posteriores depurações, até que tudo novamente se volta a complexificar e a implodir sob a incapacidade do poder e da ordem conterem as forças da diversidade.
A Torre de Babel é uma bela a metáfora desse fenómeno:
"The higher the fixed costs of an enterprise, the larger the income stream required to service them. That’s as true for the household microenterprise, and for the “enterprise” of the household itself, as for more conventional businesses. Regulations that impose artificial capitalization and other overhead costs, the purchase of unnecessarily expensive equipment of a sort that requires large batch production to amortize, the use of stand‐alone buildings, etc., increase the size of the minimum revenue stream required to stay in business, and effectively rule out part‐time or intermittent self‐employment. (Moi ici: Normas, leis e regulamentos, da UE, dos governos ou da ASAE, tantos e tantos exemplos em como o Estado é colocado ao serviço dos Golias, para liquidar a concorrência mais pequena. Por exemplo, o que se passa com as marcações CE é caricato) When such restrictions impose artificially high fixed costs on the means of basic subsistence (housing and feeding oneself, etc.), their effect is to make cheap and comfortable subsistence impossible, and to mandate ongoing external sources of income just to survive. As Charles Johnson has argued,
If it is true that, absent the state, most ordinary workers would experience a dramatic decline in the fixed costs of living, including (among other things) considerably better access to individual ownership of small plots of land, no income or property tax to pay, and no zoning, licensing, or other government restraints on small‐scale neighborhood home‐based crafts, cottage industry, or light farming/heavy gardening, I think you’d see a lot more people in a position to begin edging out or to drop out of low‐income wage labor entirely—in favor of making a modest living in the informal sector, by growing their own food, or both . . .On the other hand, innovation in the technologies of small‐scale production and of daily living reduce the worker’s need for a continuing income stream. It enables the microenterprise to function intermittently and to enter the market incrementally, with no overhead to be serviced when business is slow. The result is enterprises that are lean and agile, and can survive long periods of slow business, at virtually no cost; likewise, such increased efficiencies, by minimizing the ongoing income stream required for comfortable subsistence, have the same liberating effect on ordinary people that access to land on the common did for their ancestors three hundred years ago."
Running throughout this book, as a central theme, has been the superior efficiency of the alternative economy: its lower burdens of overhead, its more intensive use of inputs, and its avoidance of idle capacity.
Two economies are fighting to the death: one of them a highly‐capitalized, high‐overhead, and bureaucratically ossified conventional economy, the subsidized and protected product of one and a half century’s collusion between big government and big business; the other a low capital, low‐overhead, agile and resilient alternative economy, outperforming the state capitalist economy despite being hobbled and driven underground.
The alternative economy is developing within the interstices of the old one, preparing to supplant it. The Wobbly phrase “building the structure of the new society within the shell of the old” is one of the most fitting phrases ever conceived for summing up the concept."
Vai ser Mongo a resolver o problema do desemprego, e a enterrar de vez (até à próxima rodada) este modelo de Estado gigante que tudo quer saber, controlar e sugar.
Trechos retirados de:
- "The Homebrew Industrial Revolution - A Low‐Overhead Manifesto" de Kevin Carson