quinta-feira, julho 05, 2012

A amaricação

Em tempos mais sensatos defendia-se:
"“[O desemprego e os salário em atraso], isso é uma questão das empresas e não do Estado. Isso é uma questão que faz parte do livre jogo das empresas e dos trabalhadores (...). O Estado só deve garantir o subsídio de desemprego”. Mário Soares, JN, 28 de Abril de 1984"
Ou seja, gritava-se: Amanhem-se!
A última cena que descobri é esta: "Arrendamento social poderá ser alargado a espaços comerciais".
Parece que desde 1984 para cá a sociedade amaricou-se... 
No livro "The Strategist" de Cynthia A. Montgomery encontrei esta versão da história da IKEA:
"By following this philosophy, Kamprad became a force to contend with in the Swedish furniture industry—and, not liking his low prices, the industry struck back. Sweden’s National Association of Furniture Dealers began pressuring suppliers to boycott him and, with the support of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce, banned him from trade fairs. Many of the suppliers stopped selling to him, and those that continued to do business with IKEA resorted to cloak-and-dagger maneuvers: sending goods to fictitious addresses, delivering in unmarked vans, and changing the design of products sold to IKEA so they wouldn’t be recognized. Soon Kamprad was suffering the humiliation of not being able to deliver on orders. He counterattacked on several fronts—for example, he began paying suppliers within ten days, as opposed to the standard industry practice of three or four months, and he started a flock of little companies to act as intermediaries. These moves helped, but IKEA was growing rapidly and supplies were short. Without a reliable source of supply, Kamprad feared his business would be doomed. Having heard that Poland’s communist government was hungry for economic development, Kamprad began scouring the Polish countryside. He found many eager and willing small manufacturers laboring in the shadow of the bureaucracy. Their plants were antiquated and the quality of their products was dreadful, so Kamprad located better-quality (though used) machinery in Sweden. He and his staff moved the machinery to Poland and installed it, working hand in hand with the manufacturers to raise productivity and quality. The furniture they turned out ended up costing about half as much as Swedish-made equivalents and Kamprad was able to nail down his costs on a huge new scale.
Kamprad said. “When we were not allowed to buy the same furniture others were, we were forced to design our own, and that came to provide us with a style of our own, a design of our own. And from the necessity to secure our own deliveries, a chance arose that in its turn opened up a whole new world to us.”
As dificuldades que se enfrentam, os constrangimentos que se procuram contornar, são muitas vezes o estímulo para uma nova abordagem, para uma nova experiência bem sucedida. Como aprendi em inglês: A vida (animal) não planeia, simplesmente procura alternativas para fugir aos constrangimentos e restrições que encontra.

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