segunda-feira, dezembro 14, 2009
Etapa 1: a narrativa
"Zara has managed to substantially shorten the time to develop a new product and get it to stores, and in doing so it can react quickly to changing market trends. From design to finished goods can be made in four to five weeks, and modification of existing items can be made in as little as two weeks.
It produces about 11,000 distinct items annually compared with 2,000 to 4,000 items for its key competitors, constantly updating its range of clothes. Zara shop managers report back every day to designers on what has and has not sold, information that is used to decide which product lines and colors to keep or alter, and whether new lines should be created. .
Reducing the time to get the clothes into the shelves and the batches of clothing in small quantities also keeps the costs down by keeping stocks low, and if a design doesn't sell well within a week, it is withdrawn from shops, and further orders are canceled.
Where most retailers have different "seasons" Zara keeps no design on the shop floor for more than four weeks, encouraging customers to make repeat visits. Popular items appear and disappear within a week creating an image of scarcity. Some customers know exactly when new deliveries arrive at their local shop and turn up before opening time to pick up the latest fashion. Zara uses no advertising or promotion, and 50% of the products are manufactured in Spain, 26% in the rest of Europe, and 24% in Asian and African countries and the rest of the world."
O retrato das consequências de um modelo de negócio a funcionar.
Etapa 2: o que tem de suportar o modelo.
Trecho retirado de "Business model example: Zara - A devastating business model"